On September 20th, the Human Microbiome Project released its second-wave of data .
What Is the Human Microbiome?
The human microbiome refers to the genomes of all of the microorganisms, like eukaryotes (organisms with cells containing a nucleus), viruses, and bacteria, that live inside all of us . Don’t freak out! Recent studies suggest that for every one of your trillions of cells, there’s a corresponding bacterial cell inside of you . The Human Microbiome Project aims to identify these microbiota, i.e. microorganisms that reside within and interact with the human body, and determine how they affect human health.
The second-wave of data includes 1,631 new metagenomes . A metagenome is just the combined genomes of all of the microbiota sampled. You can explore the updated dataset by visiting the following link: https://aws.amazon.com/datasets/human-microbiome-project/
Thought Question for Students
What are the clinical and pharmaceutical applications that can result from an advanced understanding of the human microbiome?
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